lawns. Ornamental grasses are a popular choice in the garden, where their textures and colors provide distinct visual interest. Usually reaches a height of two to six feet. There are many important reasons to have as small a mowed lawn as possible. of redtop grass. They can reach lengths of more than 5 feet and weigh more than 80 lbs. The grassland then becomes a brushland and habitat for other wildlife species. small mammals. Clover, alfalfa, and the other legumes remove nitrogen from the air and add it to the soil where it becomes available as fertilizer for other plants. The buffer will filter out sediments and lawn fertilizers before they enter the problem for wildlife as extensive pH soil of all the legumes. Wild Rye: $2: $18: Hystrix patula: Bottlebrush Grass: $20: $240: Koeleria cristata: Junegrass: $24: … They provide less wildlife Its 2 milkweed species make up 1% of the wildflower seeds/ft2. a large amount of water, fertilizer, pesticides, and time. Canada geese, moles, and 13-lined ground squirrels also frequent lawns, but can inches helps protect roots from summer heat and promotes better grass growth. diversity and are extremely valuable for wildlife. Kentucky bluegrass is the most widely used turfgrass in Michigan. for food. -- check with the Michigan Department of For Common lawn grasses in the country's southern half are warm-season grasses, which peak in growth during hot summer months. Preferred plants will depend upon the soil type Selecting the right type of grass for your site and use: Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, tall fescue and fine fescue are cool-season turf grasses commonly used in Michigan. Do not graze during the wildlife nesting season, and do not reduce plant height below eight inches. the mix of grasses and clovers to help maintain the stand and to check the invasion of This presents a disking, fertilizing, and grazing may be needed. wildflowers and grasses, or add trees, shrubs, and ground cover. Well, not as low as closely sheared … aggressively spread into adjacent areas and will need extensive management and control to keep mower blades sharp so they cut the grass cleanly and do not tear the plants. Mowing height should be four to six inches. Although control of purple loosestrife, Eurasian watermilfoil, and other wild turkeys, songbirds, foxes, hawks, raccoons, and sandhill cranes eat abundant insects, seeds, and small rodents that grasslands produce. woody plants. You could find this in areas that are moist. fencerows may destroy travel green open space and allow a They will create a Carefully follow label directions and take care not to excessively damage non-targeted vegetation. The process of percolation is important for recharging ground water and supplying These grasses include timothy, orchard grass, and brome grass--all introduced species--and native Canada wildrye, redtop, and June grass, which is also called blue grass. What Equals Bedding Cover For Deer? Lawn sizes have also increased dramatically. One consideration, however, is that if your plan calls for making a large field from several smaller fields, the removal of It is best done on a day with little or no wind, in early spring or late fall when vegetation is dry. However, if the only activity on portions of your lawn is mowing, Instead of PLS is important because native grass seed tends to be Mow in strips of 30 to 60 feet wide and leave undisturbed areas from 60 to 100 feet wide between the mowed areas. where you let the grass go wild or where you plant a specific grass type to create a Trees along the waterfront provide nesting, resting, and feeding areas for birds and These grasses grow best when soil temperatures are between 50 and 65 degrees F and when air … develop a grass meadow two to five feet in height. 4. half-inch of rain. unmowed vegetation between your lawn and the wetland or water's edge 100 feet or more in roosting cover. Therefore, they must be used with caution. They provide nest Prairie Dropseed really shows off in the fall. Growing best in temperatures of 55 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit, cool season grasses go dormant when temperatures reach 90 to 95. However, correct application is critical. Lindheimer’s Muhly Grass. Once a year in late August, mow Leave a buffer strip of Cultivars may … What you choose is up to you! mowed lawn surface and to develop low-maintenance wildlife habitat. Birds use dried stalks of weeds and other plants to build nests and Zoysia grass forms a lawn that feels like a thick, prickly carpet. herbicides is another consideration. Lawns aquatic vegetation in all or a portion of the water reduce their impact to adjacent sites. Like the mowing treatment, disc in strips 30 to 60 feet wide, but leave at least twice that width of undisturbed cover between strips. lawns of mowed grass have much less benefit to wildlife than an area of similar size with section for more details. In In conclusion, by using a variety of vegetative types such as tall grasses, ground However, for the novice, cool season grasses are easier and less expensive to establish. How low does blue fescue (Festuca glauca) grow? Native grass plantings of warm-season species provide excellent winter cover for wildlife. These These tools stimulate regrowth and reduce the competition from dogwood, sumac, aspen, and other woody plants; increase stand vigor; and provide quality grassland habitat. predators to find nesting birds and other Many cultivars of Kentucky bluegrass are available, and new selections are constantly being introduced. For more information, see the chapter on Grass Planting in this section . call for one type of ground cover, while dry areas with all-day sun will need a different These fields can provide important wildlife food and Mixing wildflowers in with the prairie grasses adds diversity. important to use little or no fertilizer on your lawn, or switch to a phosphorus-free or Canada wildrye is a native tall erect bunch grass that does not grow into dense stands. Remember, removing or adding soil, sand, or gravel may be subject to regulation For a small fee you can purchase a soil test kit from your county Michigan State University Extension office. For example, if you need an area for playing ball or exercising a dog, a long rectangular It produces tan flower spikelets that turn silvery white as they age. For additional information please refer to the chapter on Cool Season Grasses in the Grassland Management section. However, these species will A manicured lawn, for example, will stop percolating after a systems and short underground stems (rhizomes), they help water to percolate through the vegetative cover of native grasses that will enhance the landscape. Pesticides and fertilizers used to Leave dead trees (snags) that do not Flowering bee lawns are highly beneficial for pollinator health. Township-sized areas containing 25 percent grassland have the highest benefit to these species. They also put most of If you plan on a mechanical treatment, you could--depending on your goals--mow or disc about one-third of the grassland each year. See The size of the grassland plays a significant role in attracting certain species of wildlife. meadow, prairie, or wildflower viewing spot. The white blossom variety is taller (to six feet), better tolerates droughty soils, and stands more erect during the winter to provide better cover than yellow. This increase in rural estates contributes to habitat fragmentation. weeds such as dandelions, plantain, black medic, spurge, orange and yellow hawkweed, and grain drill may also be used for these types of native grasses if it can be properly calibrated to plant small seeds at the recommended rate. height. of alfalfa, 3 lbs. The grasses typically outlive the legumes. In most cases, it is mixed with Perennial Ryegrass to encourage faster germination. Grass Carp have large scales that appear crosshatched and eyes that sit even with the mouth. In time, woody plants (shrubs, brush and small trees) move in and dominate. June grass is a short, nearly prostrate variety that is usually mixed with common white clover or alsike clover, and planted in large meadows for or algae, check with DEQ's Land and Water Management Division to see if a permit is Both white and yellow blossom sweet clovers make high-quality spring browse, excellent fall seed, and good winter roosting cover for pheasants, quail, and rabbits. Red fescue (Festuca Rubra): Certainly one of the most popular native lawn species nationwide with several regional varieties that can range from turf to ornamental use. These grasses include timothy, orchard grass, and brome grass--all introduced species--and native Canada wildrye, redtop, and June grass, which is also called blue grass. Establishing a flowering bee lawn. If your property includes frontage on a lake, river, pond, or wetland, special habitat considerations Legumes should be inoculated with the proper bacteria before planting to increase germination. To keep the stand in high-quality grasses and legumes, management tools such as burning, mowing, Mow between July 15 and August 31 to avoid destroying nest sites and give the grassland enough time for regrowth before winter. Grasslands do not need to be fertilized as long as legumes are actively growing. The cold temperatures found in northern lawns cause these grasses to die over winter. There are many other species of These tall, stiff, upright grasses stand up well to snow and ice. upkeep. Most Northern lawns are a combination of fescues, Kentucky bluegrass, and ryegrass. snakes, salamanders, frogs, and toads. It will last six or seven years when annually mowed. some wildlife can benefit from small amounts of mowed lawns. The wildflowers offer brilliant colors in summer and fall, and the stiff stems Non-native cool season grasses have been planted along roadsides, as hayfields and pastures, and often establish themselves in the fields retired from farming. Kentucky Bluegrass is winter hardy, perfect for USDA Hardiness Zones 2 to 7. They do better in high pH soils (5.8-7.0), which are maintained through the use of agricultural lime. You can create a lawn with low growing flower varieties combined with grass to keep a turf-like feel, or you can use a native wildflower mix that will look more like a prairie. Within grasslands, a variety of wildlife such as pheasants, Remember, that logs, Planting in this section, and Warm Season Grasses in the Grassland Management section. Other native grasses found in the scattered open areas within the forests include switchgrass, big bluestem, Canada wildrye, and bluejoint reedgrass. additional information please refer to the following chapters: Wildflowers and Wildflower The kind of habitat you wish to establish will also determine what kind of cool season grasses and legumes you should plant and how much of each. When rainfall is not adequate, watering is necessary to maintain high quality. Indian Grass, Little Bluestem, Big Bluestem, Purple Lovegrass and Prairie Dropseed are all warm season grasses. In addition, it is To protect water quality and reduce This groundcover that are often seen in backyards such as spotted nettle, lily of the valley, Excessive mowing takes extensive time and fuel. Grasses for moist areas include redtop, switchgrass, and prairie cordgrass. 100% Satisfaction Guarantee! plant include coneflower, black-eyed Susan, leadplant, coreopsis, aster, and blazing star. Also, other alternatives to mowed grass such plants attract a variety of wildlife. However, recent building trends Grasses such as timothy, orchard grass, red top, or blue grass can be planted to emergent plants such as wild celery, pondweeds, waterlilies, cattails, and pickerelweed. create nuisance problems with their droppings or burrows. In a larger landscape, grasses can be the foundation of a design that incorporates a succession of flowering perennials. stumps, and fallen branches are critical wildlife habitat for amphibians and reptiles. All other grasses, need not apply. It is very slow-growing—it can take more than a year to establish a lawn of zoysia grass. purpose. Seed three or more varieties of grass/legume mixtures at the rate of 8 to 12 lbs. For example, if your goal is to provide one acre of meadow for nesting pheasants, a commonly used mixture is 7 lbs. The flowers and the amount of sun or shade the area receives. Another way to improve value for wildlife is to keep the lawn in an irregular Native plants offer a variety of choices in plant size, flower color and bloom period. aggressive exotic plants may be necessary, retain a mixture of submerged, floating and leaves, charcoal briquettes or ashes, or other refuse in the water. An invasive species is one that is not native and whose introduction causes harm, or is likely to cause harm to Michigan's economy, environment, or human health. This perennial grass is quite tall, reaching heights of five feet in many instances. Orders of 16 oz. Native Connections is proud to be a vital member of the ecological restoration and native landscaping industries in Michigan. Pheasants, bobolinks, and meadowlarks are among many wildlife species that do best in habitats where the predominant landscape type is grass. Little bluestem is a native prairie grass that is both lovely and tough as nails. Adding legumes to cool season grasses improves the variety of the stand by increasing the mix of structure and palatability of plants to plant eaters from insects to deer. Sow with conventional tillage (plow/disc/drag/plant), conservation (no-till) methods, or frost seed. Switchgrass Native Grass Seed. Readily available from nurseries as plugs or plants, they are usually listed by their You can create places browse. are practical and acceptable landscapes deer and rabbits. Native grasses were present in Michigan when Europeans arrived. width. This one is a native to warmer seasons. The mixture is tolerant of partial shade and will grow well on the north edge of a woodland. Another alternative is to plant a part of your yard to prairie grasses and/or Native: Full: 3: Warm season grasses: Big-bluestem: Andropogon gerardi: Native: Full: 8: Indiangrass: Sorgastrum nutans: Native: Full: 6: Little-bluestem: Schizachyrium scoparium: Native: Full: 3: Switch grass: Panicum virgatum: Native: Full: 5: Cool season grasses: Canada wild-rye: Elymus canadensis: Native: Full: 4: Redtop: Agrostis gigantea: Native: Full: 4: Orchard grass: Dactylis … The test determines if lime or fertilizers need to be applied to the soil for the particular grass that you choose to plant. gamebirds, and rabbits. clovers will develop a meadow that is one to three feet in height. Soil type will determine what kinds of cool season grasses to plant. wildlife value but will help contribute to a beautiful landscape that requires less The nearly 7,000 kinds of grasses make up the most widespread plant family in the world.Grasslands in Michigan range from mowed lawns to idle fields to grainfields. Grasslands larger than 40 acres are usually more beneficial to wildlife than are smaller fields because they make it more difficult for In summary, cool season grasses provide a variety of benefits to wildlife. increasing numbers, Michigan landowners are moving from smaller lots to residential sites Ground covers offer an ideal opportunity to reduce the amount of However, warm and cool season grasses planted in separate side by side stands will provide more Switchgrass is the only form of native grass planting that can actually be considered a base cover, for deer. a diversity of plants. wildflowers. Native Plant Nursery Michigan Native Plants Database- you can search the database by a variety of criteria (height, flower color, flowering time, sun or shade, wet or dry, etc...) and view our images and information about the plants. Attractive The following species have been reported to be invasive in natural areas in the U.S. Maintain diverse plantings improve critical wildlife habitat that attracts songbirds, chipmunks, to rural estates of 10 to 40 acres in size. healthier, environmentally friendly lawn, which  needs few or no chemicals. It is a cool season, sod forming, grass that is shade and drought tolerant, and also wear-resistant enough to withstand heavy foot traffic and recreational play. Although Kentucky Bluegrass takes a few months to germinate and establish, but Perennial Ryegrass only takes two weeks, on average. Discuss your plans with local authorities, obtain the necessary burning permit, and observe all restrictions and safety procedures. by planting flowering and fruiting shrubs as well as ground cover at the base of trees. Also, mice, voles, shrews, woodchucks, and many kinds of ground-nesting birds raise their young there. Planting Michigan Department of area may suffice. Cowbirds, flickers, and privacy for your home while allowing a view of the water. PLS = (purity x germination)/100. robins forage in the short grasses More information is available in the Legumes such as alfalfa and the clovers--ladino, sweet, white, red, and others--are … or 10 lbs./acre $3.00/oz. Eastern gamagrass has a large, clean seed that can be planted with a corn planter. cover. Wildflower types to Legumes such as alfalfa and the clovers--ladino, sweet, white, red, and others--are often included in plantings of cool season grasses. Alfalfa tolerates only well-drained sites and requires the highest On the other hand, a native prairie will percolate up to six inches of Roundstone Native Seed has been growing and supplying clean, high quality, regionally adapted Native Seed to the Eastern half of the US for over 20 years. The quality of cool season grasses usually peaks at two to four years after establishment. Monocultures of weed-free grass demand If you use your lake or pond for swimming, clear an area only large enough for this Here’s a closer look at a few of our favorites from short to tall…. or $26/lb. It can also be found in the North, but will turn brown once the weather turns cold. Areas The Natural Resource Conservation Service can supply, free of charge, a soil survey of your property, which identifies the type of soils you have and where they are located. 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