This result was considered a credit to the enlightened management of the expedition by Bougainville. At the Battle of the Saintes, Bougainville commanded the 80-gun Auguste. Die Abwesenheit Bougainvilles war möglicherweise schlacht- und kriegsentscheidend. He did not have sufficient time, however, to rally his troops and attack the British rear when they successfully ascended the Plains of Abraham and attacked Quebec on 13 September. Shipped back to Europe along with the other French officers, all deprived of military honours by the victors, Bougainville was prohibited by the terms of surrender from any further active duty against the British. Auffällig ist die besonders dunkle, fast schwarze Hautfarbe vieler Bougainvilleer. Diderot used his fictional approach, including a description of the Tahitians as noble savages, to criticise Western ways of living and thinking.[7]:117,121. [2] Verwaltungssitz der Insel ist Buka. At the age of twenty-five he published a treatise on integral calculus, as a supplement to De l'Hôpital's treatise, Des infiniment petits. An accomplished scholar, he was also a man of action who fought in the Seven Years War, explored the Pacific Ocean, and was the first Frenchman to circumnavigate the world. Der Bericht inspirierte Denis Diderot dann zu seinem Essay Supplément au voyage de Bougainville (1771), vordergründig eine Verteidigungsschrift der sexuellen Freiheit. Louis Antoine de Bougainville starb im Alter von 81 Jahren in Paris. Spain agreed to maintain the colony in Port Louis, thus preventing Britain from claiming title to the islands. * 1700). Louis XV formally ratified possession on 12 September 1764.[4]. 1799 wurde er Leiter des Pariser Längenbüros. A contemporary of James Cook, he took part in the French and Indian War against Britain. He would become the 14th navigator, and the first Frenchman, to sail around the world. en 13, 1759, Louis-Antoine de Bougainville arrives on the Plains of Abraham with 1200 troops, but the battle is already over. He was the son of a notary, and in early life studied law, but soon abandoned the profession, and in 1753 entered the army in the corps of musketeers. Die Einwohner Bougainvilles sprechen austronesische, Papua- und zu einem sehr geringen Teil polynesische Sprachen. A contemporary of the British explorer James Cook, he took part in the Seven Years' War in North America and the American Revolutionary War against Britain. He was among the officers who accompanied Lévis to Saint Helen's Island off Montreal for the last French stand in North America before the general capitulation of 1761. After the peace of 1783, he returned to Paris, and obtained the place of associate of the Academy. Bougainville claimed the island for France and named it New Cythera. Juni 1767 in Rio de Janeiro zusammen.[4]. Returning to Paris, he was one of the founding members of the Bureau des Longitudes. Er arbeitete zunächst als Rechtsanwalt, Generaladjutant und Botschaftssekretär. BOUGAINVILLE, LOUIS ANTOINE DE (1729–1811), French navigator, was born at Paris on the 11th of November 1729. Bougainville Island, easternmost island of Papua New Guinea, in the Solomon Sea, southwestern Pacific.With Buka Island and several island groups, it forms the autonomous region of Bougainville. He named Bougainville Island for himself. Er ließ sich auf einem Besitz in der Normandie nieder. Zu einer geplanten Nordpolreise kam es nicht mehr. Am 25. 1756 war er in Kanada an den Kämpfen gegen England im Rang eines Oberst beteiligt. Seine Eltern waren der Notar Yves Pierre de Bougainville (1686–1754) und Marie Françoise, geborene Darboulin (ca. Louis Antoine de Bougainville did not discover Bougainville Island. Friedrich Melchior Grimm, damals federführend für die Correspondance littéraire, philosophique et critique verantwortlich, bat Denis Diderot, eine Buchbesprechung für den Bougainville´schen Reisebericht zu verfassen. Im Jahr 1766 erhielt Bougainville von der französischen Regierung unter Ludwig XV. Nach der Französischen Revolution bot man ihm 1791 das neugeschaffene Marineministerium und 1792 einen Vizeadmiralsposten an, Bougainville lehnte jedoch ab. November 1729 Sterbedatum: Samstag, 31. It had lost only seven of its 340 crew, an extremely low level of casualties. Januar 1781 heiratete er Marie Joséphine Flore de Longchamps Montendre († 1806), das Paar hatte vier Kinder. In France, Bougainville introduced Ahutoru to the high society, including introducing him to the King and Queen at Versailles. He sailed back to France the following winter, under orders from the marquis to obtain additional military resources for the colony. Im selben Jahr ging er für mehrere Jahre als Adjutant des Generals Louis-Joseph de Montcalm nach Französisch-Kanada (Neufrankreich), wo er während des Franzosen- und Indianerkriegs (1754–1763, Teil des Siebenjährigen Kriegs) gegen Großbritannien kämpfte. Louis Antoine de Bougainville. "The BOUDEUSE" "VOYAGES AROUND THE WORLD" This map shows Captain Bougainville's voyages around the world. 1808, Napoleon gave him the title of count (the Comte de Bougainville). [7], Bougainville brought to France a Tahitian named Ahutoru who volunteered to come with him. In der Provinz Bougainville lebten im Jahr 2011 249.358 Einwohner, was einer Bevölkerungsdichte von knapp 28 Menschen auf den Quadratkilometer entspricht. Weiterhin sind auf den Falklandinseln das Cape Bougainville und Port Louis (heute nur noch eine Schaffarm) nach ihm benannt. These islands were at that time almost unknown. Bougainville himself did not believe the Spanish had […] Louis-Antoine de Bougainville travelled around the South Pacific Ocean and discovered many islands. Louis Antoine de Bougainville (1729-1811) was a French soldier and explorer. Louis az ötödik, legkisebb gyermekük volt. Denis Diderot's book Supplément au voyage de Bougainville retells the story of Bougainville's landing on Tahiti, narrated by an anonymous reader to one of his friends. Louis Antoine de Bougainville (* 11. Promotion and retirement. Preis Neu ab Gebraucht ab Gebundenes Buch "Bitte wiederholen" 24,00 € 24,00 € 19,03 € Gebundenes Buch 24,00 € 6 Gebraucht ab 19,03 € 1 Neu ab 24,00 € Beliebte Taschenbuch-Empfehlungen des Monats. When he returned to Canada the following year, he had gained few supplies. Posthumous bust of Bougainville, made in 1831 by Bosio Astyanax Scevola. Seit 1789 war er Mitglied der Académie des sciences.[3]. The French round-the-world expedition led by Louis-Antoine de Bougainville was among the first to open up a new era of voyaging in wich discoveries were sought as much for mercantile profit as for the new scientific study of the ‘System of Nature’. Januar 1756 in die Royal Society in London aufgenommen. It was not a profession which appealed to his son, Louis-Antoine, who made career decisions to avoid following in his father's footsteps. In 1766 Bougainville received from Louis XV permission to circumnavigate the globe. The very air we breathe is contagious of insensibility and hardness".[3]. In 1771, Bougainville published his travel log from the expedition under the title Le voyage autour du monde, par la frégate La Boudeuse, et la flûte L'Étoile (a.k.a. Zwei Jahre später mussten die Inseln an Spanien abgetreten werden, die neuen Herren behielten den Namen in spanischer Schreibweise bei und bezeichneten den Archipel als Malvinas. This was the first expedition to circumnavigate the globe with professional naturalists and geographers aboard. He narrowly missed becoming their discoverer; a previous visit and claim had been made by British explorer Samuel Wallis in HMS Dolphin less than a year previously. This was the second opportunity that Samoans had to see European He had almost found the Great Barrier Reef. He spent the remaining years of the Seven Years' War (1761 to 1763) as a diplomat, helping to negotiate the Treaty of Paris. Geographically, Bougainville is the largest of the Solomon Islands, located near the northern end of that chain.Bougainville is 75 miles (120 km) long and 40–60 miles (65–95 km) wide. After the peace, the French decided to colonise the "Isles Malouines" (Falkland Islands). He commanded the ship-of-the-line Guerrier under d'Estaing, and as rear-admiral commanded the Auguste under de Grasse. Hervorzuheben ist der Aufenthalt auf Tahiti vom 6. bis 15. English explorer that discovered the Hawaiian islands. What does bougainville, louis antoine de mean? Li poste akiris famon pro siaj ekspedicioj por loĝigi la Falklandojn kaj pro siaj vojaĝoj en la Pacifiko. https://archive.org/details/VoyageAroundTheWorldByLewisDeBougainvilleIn1766-9, Works by or about Louis Antoine de Bougainville, Louis Antoine de Bougainville: "Voyage around the world 1766–1769", London 1772 (A transcription of the translation of "Le voyage autour du monde, par la frégate La Boudeuse, et la flûte L'Étoile" into English by John Reinhold Forster), From the Warpath to the Plains of Abraham (Virtual exhibition), Louis-Antoine de Bougainville: Eighteenth Century French Sailor, Soldier, Statesman, Mathematician and leader of a Voyage around the world, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Louis_Antoine_de_Bougainville&oldid=993374224, Members of the French Academy of Sciences, French people of the French and Indian War, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles using Template Infobox person Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2011, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. May 1768, the French ‘discovery’ by Louis-Antoine de Bougainville 1. Bougainville described it as an earthly paradise where men and women lived in blissful innocence, far from the corruption of civilisation. He proposed a voyage of discovery to the North Pole, but did not gain the support of the French government. Bougainville later gained fame for his expeditions, including circumnavigation of the globe in a scientific expedition in 1763, the first recorded settlement on the Falkland Islands/Islas Malvinas, and voyages into the Pacific Ocean. Er kam in Paris zur Welt und studierte in seinen Jugendjahren Rechtswissenschaft, beschäftigte sich aber auch mit Mathematik. November 1729 in Paris; † 31. This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 07:33. [citation needed]. Die Fleute L’Étoile verließ am Sonntag, dem 1. Louis pocházel z rodu vyšších úředníků a k námořnickému řemeslu se dostal až ve svých třiceti letech. Although the French colony did not number more than 150 people, for financial motivations (Bougainville having paid for the expeditions) and diplomatic reasons (Spain feared that the Falklands would become a rear base to attack her Peruvian gold), Bougainville was ordered by the French government to dismantle his colony and sell it to the Spanish. Ötéves korában elvesztette anyját. Louis Antoine de Bougainville : biography 12 November 1729 – 31 August 1811 Louis-Antoine, Comte de Bougainville (12 November 1729 – 31 August 1811) was a French admiral and explorer. He was promoted to chef d'escadre. 1804, he was made a Grand Officier de la Légion d'honneur in 1804. Information and translations of louis antoine de bougainville in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. [5] In die Schlacht auf der Abraham-Ebene in der Nähe von Québec am 13. Other notable people on this expedition were Count Jean-François de Galaup de la Pérouse (member of the crew); the astronomer Pierre-Antoine Veron; the surgeon of Boudeuse Dr. Louis-Claude Laporte; the surgeon of the Étoile Dr. François Vives; the engineer and cartographer aboard the Étoile Charles Routier de Romainville; and the writer and historian Louis-Antoine Starot de Saint-Germain.[5]. Beinahe hätte Bougainville die Ostküste Australiens entdeckt, wandte sich aber östlich des Großen Barriereriffs nach Norden. Bougainville, French naval commander under d'Estaing and de Grasse in the American Revolution. Bougainville Island was given its name to commemorate Louis Antoine de Bougainville. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 24. Louis Antoine de Bougainville : biography 12 November 1729 – 31 August 1811 The French did not recognise any superior Spanish title to the islands but the French and Spanish royal families were linked by the Bourbon Family Compact and France simply gave in to Spanish pressure. Alle Formate und Ausgaben anzeigen Andere Formate und Ausgaben ausblenden. en The following year French navigator Captain Louis-Antoine de Bougainville did likewise. Why did Bougainville establish a colony on the Falkland islands? On 31 January 1767 at Río de la Plata, Bougainville met Don Felipe Ruiz Puente, commanding the frigate La Esmeralda and La Liebre ("the Hare") and future governor of Islas Malvinas, to transfer possession and evacuate the French population. A contemporary of the British explorer James Cook, he took part in the Seven Years' War in North America and the American Revolutionary War against Britain. The metropolitan officials had decided that, "When the house is on fire, one does not worry about the stables". From the description of Louis-Antoine de Bougainville journals, 1778-1782. (June 18, 2014). Für die Niederlage in der Seeschlacht von Les Saintes (12. On 15 September 1763, Bougainville set out from France with the frigate L'Aigle (Eagle) (captained by Nicolas Pierre Duclos-Guyot) and the sloop Le Sphinz (Sphinx) (captained by François Chenard de la Giraudais). Im Jahre 1752 schrieb Bougainville ein mathematisches Werk über die Integralrechnung. His widely read account, Voyage autour du monde (1771; A Voyage Round the World, 1772), helped popularize a belief in the moral Er erforschte außerdem noch zahlreiche weitere pazifische Inseln, so die Neuen Hebriden, die Louisiaden und die Salomonen, die er nach fast 200 Jahren Vergessenheit neu entdeckte, und deren nördlichste Insel seinen Namen, Bougainville, erhielt. erhoben. In 1794, having escaped from the Reign of Terror, he retired to his estate in Normandy. He was adopted by a widow, Mme Hérault, and later attended the University of Paris, where he studied law, the classics, languages and mathematics. August 1811 ebenda) war ein französischer Offizier, Seefahrer und Schriftsteller. May 1768, the French ‘discovery’ by Louis-Antoine de Bougainville [which can be translated as] Besides, these Indians don’t have any knowledge of iron and didn’t attach any importance to it. Louis-Antoine, Grafo de Bougainville (12-a de novembro 1729 - 31-a de aŭgusto 1811) estis franca admiralo kaj esploristo.Samtempulo de James Cook, li partoprenis en la franca kaj indiana milito kontraŭ Britio kaj la malsukcesa franca provo defendi Kanadon de Britio. What does louis antoine de bougainville mean? Neben der größten Insel des Salomonenarchipels Bougainville, die politisch zu Papua-Neuguinea gehört, tragen auch ein Seegebiet vor Neuguinea, ein Tiefseegraben und ein Korallenriff vor Nordost-Australien den Namen Bougainvilles. Bougainville wurde begleitet von Naturforschern wie dem Botaniker Philibert Commerson und dessen als Mann verkleideter Assistentin Jeanne Baret, dem Astronomen Pierre-Antoine Véron (1736–1770) und dem als Lebemann bekannten Karl Heinrich von Nassau-Siegen. Included in the party was the botanist Philibert Commerçon (who named the flower Bougainvillea) and his valet. This was a large expedition, with a crew of 214 aboard Boudeuse and 116 aboard Étoile. Nachdem er Sekretär der französischen Botschaft in London geworden war, wurde er 1756 in die wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft, die Royal Society in London, aufgenommen. 0000078983 00000 n Fils d'un notaire, reçu avocat au barreau de Paris, il s'intéresse aux mathématiques et publie un Traité du calcul intégral. He took an active part in the capture of Fort Oswego in 1756 and the 1757 Battle of Fort William Henry. Louis Antoine de Bougainville Connected to: {{::readMoreArticle.title}} aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie {{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}} This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by contributors (read/edit). Giga-fren. August 2020 um 09:39 Uhr bearbeitet. The book was a sensation, especially the description of Tahitian society. Im selben Jahr ging er für mehrere Jahre als Adjutant des Generals Louis-Joseph de Montcalm nach Französisch-Kanada (Neufrankreich), wo er während des Franzosen- und Indianerkriegs gegen Großbritannien kämpfte. James Cook. Information and translations of bougainville, louis antoine de in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. September 1781) gegen die britische Flotte. He was the son of a notary, and in early life studied law, but soon abandoned the profession, and in 1753 entered the army in the corps of musketeers. It was not before 1766, that the English sent a colony to settle in Port de la Croisade, which they had named Port Egmont; and captain Macbride, of the Jason frigate, came to our settlement the same year, in the beginning of December. In 1799, the Consul Napoleon made him a senator. (For … He projected a voyage of discovery towards the North Pole but this did not meet with support from the French government. With a small elite troop under his command, among which were the Grenadiers and the Volontaires à cheval, he patrolled the north shore of the St. Lawrence River, upstream from the city; he prevented the British several times from landing and cutting communications with Montreal. In 1787, he became a member of the French Academy of Sciences. 2003. von Louis-Antoine de Bougainville (Autor) 5,0 von 5 Sternen 2 Sternebewertungen. Bougainville Island of Papua New Guinea as well as the Bougainvillea flower were named after him. Unter anderem befehligte er die erste Schwadron der französischen Flotte in der siegreichen Seeschlacht vor der Chesapeake Bay (5. Some of these islands were: Tahiti; Samoa ; Solomon Islands; Vanuatu and also other islands on his further voyage. * 1700). LOUIS ANTOINE DE BOUGAINVILLE (1729-1811), French navigator, was born at Paris on the 11th of November 1729. In 1753 he entered the army in the corps of musketeers. At his own expense, Bougainville undertook the task of resettling Acadians who had been deported to France by the British because of their refusal to sign loyalty oaths. Den Höhepunkt des Berichts stellt der Aufenthalt auf Tahiti dar, dessen Landesinnere er als jardin d'Eden (Garten Eden) beschreibt, der seinen Bewohnern alles biete, was sie zum Leben brauchten. During this crossing, he continued to learn about the ways of the sea, skills that would later serve him well. Februar 1767 den Hafen von Rochefort, um die Weltumseglung zu unterstützen, und traf mit der Boudeuse am Samstag, dem 13. Definition of louis antoine de bougainville in the Definitions.net dictionary. In 1756 Bougainville was stationed in Canada as captain of dragoons and aide-de-camp to the Marquis de Montcalm. Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, French navigator who explored areas of the South Pacific as leader of the French naval force that first sailed around the world (1766–69). Während dieser Gespräche wächst bei ihm die Gewissheit, dass es für die Machtposition Frankreichs wichtig sei, neue Kolonien zu erobern. [4] This expedition included the naturalist and writer Antoine-Joseph Pernety (known as Dom Pernety), the priest and chronicler accompanying the expedition, together with the engineer and geographer Lhuillier de la Serre. September 1759, in der die Franzosen eine entscheidende Niederlage erlitten und sein Vorgesetzter Montcalm tödlich verwundet wurde, konnte Bougainville mit den von ihm geführten Soldaten nicht mehr rechtzeitig eingreifen, da Montcalm sein Eintreffen nicht abgewartet hatte. He later gained fame for his expeditions, the first […] fr Il sera imité, l’année suivante, par le navigateur français, le capitaine Louis-Antoine de Bougainville. Louis Antoine de Bougainville 1729. november 12-én született Párizsban. He was a notary, that is a public official who authenticates writings such as deeds and takes affidavits, and depositions. 1809 war er in seiner letzten offiziellen Aufgabe Kriegsratsvorsitzender zur Untersuchung der Niederlage Frankreichs in der Schlacht von Trafalgar. 1752 schrieb Bougainville ein mathematisches Werk über die Integralrechnung und wurde daraufhin am 8. Definition of bougainville, louis antoine de in the Definitions.net dictionary. Bougainville wurde 1729 in Paris in der Rue Barre-du-Bec geboren. Completion of his mission bolstered the prestige of France following its defeats during the Seven Years' War. April 1768, das Bougainville formell als Île de la Nouvelle Cythère (Neu-Kythira) für den französischen König in Besitz nahm. Louis-Antoine de Bougainville's father was Pierre-Yves de Bougainville. This was the second opportunity that Samoans had to see European ships, apart from the supposedly few Samoans who had earlier seen European ships sailing … Die Insulaner beschreibt er als freundliche, naive und glückliche Menschen, die noch nicht von der Zivilisation verdorben seien. Louis Antoine de Bougainville did not discover Bougainville Island. Im September 1768 erreichte er die Molukken und kehrte schließlich über das damals niederländische Batavia (heute Jakarta) im März 1769 nach Saint-Malo zurück. Napoleon verlieh ihm mehrere hohe Auszeichnungen: 1799 ernannte er ihn zum Senator, 1804 zum Großoffizier der Ehrenlegion und 1808 zum „Grafen des Kaiserreiches“ (Comte d'Empire). den Auftrag, als erster Franzose die Welt zu umsegeln. Of the war, Bougainville wrote in his journal: "It is an abominable kind of war. Bougainville was born in Paris, the son of a notary, on either 11 or 12 November 1729. A formal ceremony of possession of the Islands was held on 5 April 1764, after which Bougainville and Pernety returned to France. jw2019. Den Sohn eines Stammesfürsten, Ahutoru (auch Aotourou), brachte Bougainville als ersten Polynesier mit nach Frankreich. [4] Spain had claimed dominion before the French settlement in association with its colonies on the mainland. Born to an upper-middle-class family, his mother died while he was still an infant. Bougainville wurde 1729 in Paris in der Rue Barre-du-Bec[1] geboren. Apja, Pierre-Yves châteleti jegyző és városi tanácstag volt, anyja pedig a bátyja révén Madame Pompadourral kapcsolatban álló Marie-Françoise d'Arboulin. Louis-Antoine, Comte de Bougainville was a French admiral and explorer. Louis Antoine de Bougainville (12. listopadu 1729 – 31. srpna 1811) byl francouzsk ý důstojník a mořeplavec, který jako první prozkoumal některé končiny Tichého oceánu. Životopis Mládí a dospělost. Bougainville Island was given its name to commemorate Louis Antoine de Bougainville. „Louis-Antoine de Bougainville.“ French and Indian War. Voyage autour du monde and A Voyage Around the World). In 1777, he was captain of the 74-gun Bien-Aimé. Bougainville hoped to regain power and respect for France. The genus of South American climbing shrubs with colourful bracts. Im Jahr 1771 erschien Bougainvilles ausführlicher Reisebericht, Voyage autour du monde par la frégate du roi La Boudeuse et la flûte L'Étoile. When he re-entered the Army, he was commissioned as maréchal de camp. During the pivotal year of 1759 (see Seven Years' War and French and Indian War), Bougainville participated in the defence of fortified Quebec, the capital of New France. Louis-Antoine de Bougainville tritt 1754 vorübergehend in die französische Armee ein, reist dann als Sekretär des französischen Botschafters nach London und lernt dort unter anderem den Weltumsegler Lord Anson kennen. Like all young men of good family in his time, Louis-Antoine de Bougainville received a sound classical education; he showed a particular aptitude for mathematics, which he first studied under Alexis Clairaut and Jean Le Rond d’Alembert. Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, Comte de Bougainville synonyms, Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, Comte de Bougainville pronunciation, Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, Comte de Bougainville translation, English dictionary definition of Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, Comte de Bougainville. 1772 wurde Bougainville zum persönlichen Sekretär von Louis XV. Under this France ceded most of New France east of the Mississippi River to the British Empire. Hyacinthe de Bougainville, also a sailor and circumnavigator, was the son of Louis Antoine de Bougainville. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license; additional terms may apply. Bougainville left Nantes on 15 November 1766 with two ships: Boudeuse (captain : Nicolas Pierre Duclos-Guyot) and the Étoile (commanded by François Chenard de la Giraudais). Bougainville's descriptions powerfully expressed the concept of the noble savage, influencing the utopian thoughts of philosophers such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau before the advent of the French Revolution. What idea did Bougainville develop that became a custom for other explorers? During this part of his expedition, one of his crew members, Jeanne Baret confessed to lying about being a man and actually being a woman. Er umsegelte als erster Franzose die Welt. Trotz der entbehrungsreichen Fahrt verlor er auf dieser Reise nur sieben Mann. Louis-Antoine de Bougainville stammte aus einer adeligen Familie. Als Oberst der Infanterie kehrte er aus englischer Gefangenschaft nach Frankreich zurück und trat 1763 mit dem gleichwertigen Rang eines Kapitäns in die Französische Marine über. They landed at Port Louis named after King Louis XV. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses. Den blutigen Terror, La Terreur überlebte er (1794 inhaftiert) trotz bekannt königstreuer Haltung nur durch den Sturz Robespierres unversehrt. Bougainville, Louis Antoine (1729-1811): French Explorer. After several years of absence, Bougainville again accepted a naval command. Tomb of Louis Antoine de Bougainville, at the Panthéon. Having distinguished himself in the war against Britain, Bougainville was rewarded with the Cross of St Louis and promoted to colonel. In early life, he studied law, but soon abandoned the profession. Zu dieser Zeit befanden sich die europäischen Seefahrer noch auf der Suche nach der Terra Australis Incognita. Essential Oceanic Expeditions from the beginning of Zoological binominal nomenclature until the 1950s. August 1811 He saw islands of the Tuamotu group on the following 22 March, on 2 April saw the peak of Mehetia and visited the island of Otaheite shortly after. He was wounded in 1758 at the successful defence of Fort Carillon. [citation needed] The expedition was attacked by people from New Ireland so the French expedition made for the Moluccas. [5], The expedition arrived in late January 1764 in French Bay (later renamed Berkeley Sound). On 16 March 1769 the expedition completed its circumnavigation and arrived at St Malo. Correspondance littéraire, philosophique et critique, http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G2-3411000024.html, Wikisource: Louis Antoine de Bougainville, Literatur von und über Louis Antoine de Bougainville, Vorlage:Webachiv/IABot/www.naturkundemuseum-berlin.de, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Louis_Antoine_de_Bougainville&oldid=203050674, Person als Namensgeber für einen Asteroiden, Person im Amerikanischen Unabhängigkeitskrieg (Frankreich), Person im Siebenjährigen Krieg (Frankreich), Wikipedia:Defekte Weblinks/Ungeprüfte Archivlinks 2019-04, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“, französischer Seefahrer und Schriftsteller. Meaning of bougainville, louis antoine de. Er kämpfte 1779 bis 1782 als Konteradmiral und Kommandeur mehrerer Linienschiffe gegen die Briten in den Kämpfen der Amerikanischen Revolution. Am Montag, dem 15. Dezember 1766 stach Bougainville auf der Fregatte La Boudeuse von Brest aus in See. He attempted to stop the three pronged attack against Montréal from his entrenchments at Île-aux-Noix. French explorer who claimed Tahiti for France. He obtained the place of associate of the Académie de Marine. The voyage took place under Marion Dufresne, but Ahutoru died en route of smallpox in October 1771.[7]:122–123. 1794 wurde er Mitglied der französischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, die Ägyptische Expedition von 1798 bereitete er mit vor. After Peace of Paris in 1783, Bougainville returned to Paris. He obtained the rank of vice-admiral in 1791. 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