In a trial stemming from the incident, the Wisconsin Supreme Court ultimately declared the Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional. At the statewide level, Wisconsin is competitive, with control regularly alternating between the two parties. Statewide FBI Crime statistics for 2009 include 144 murders/non-negligent manslaughter; 1,108 rapes; 4,850 robberies; 8,431 aggravated assaults; and 147,486 property crimes. Another third (103,000) were Yankees from New England and western New York state. The Bennett Law campaign of 1890 dealt with foreign language teaching in schools. In 1787, it became part of the Northwest Territory. The largest city in Wisconsin is Milwaukee, with a population of 590,157. Toward the end of this period, Wisconsin was the heartland of the "Effigy Mound culture", which built thousands of animal-shaped mounds across the landscape. Wisconsin Population and Rate of Crime per 100,000 People 1960 - 2019 Trends in Wisconsin Real GDP. Medium-size cities dot the state and anchor a network of working farms surrounding them. [38], Nelson Dewey, the first governor of Wisconsin, was a Democrat. The table below describes the 36 United States statistical areas and 72 counties of the State of Wisconsin with the following information: The combined statistical area (CSA) as designated by the OMB. ": An American Family During World War II By Richard Carlton Haney page 8, A Short History of Wisconsin By Erika Janik page 149. Senator Russ Feingold and Republicans took two previously Democratic-held House seats, creating a 5–3 Republican majority House delegation. Dane County, Wisconsin. The population of Wisconsin in 2019 was 5,822,434, a 0.26% increase from 2018. Wisconsin's economy also diversified during the early years of statehood. Since 1945, the state has maintained a close balance between Republicans and Democrats. [16] Other theories include claims that the name originated from one of a variety of Ojibwa words meaning "red stone place", "where the waters gather", or "great rock". This includes a natural increase since the last census of 150,659 people (i.e., 614,771 births minus 464,112 deaths) and an decrease due to net migration of 12,755 people. "Legislators took license with ideas for slogan on plate", The lesser coat of arms of France as used by the, List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Superintendent of Public Instruction of Wisconsin, Learn how and when to remove this template message, United States presidential elections in Wisconsin, List of state trunk highways in Wisconsin, List of municipalities in Wisconsin by population, List of colleges and universities in Wisconsin, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Wisconsin Intercollegiate Athletic Conference, "Elevations and Distances in the United States", "Ginseng continues rebound in central Wisconsin", "Wisconsin's Name: Where it Came from and What it Means", "The Mississippi Voyage of Jolliet and Marquette, 1673", "Stephen H. Long and the Naming of Wisconsin", On Wisconsin: The Derivation and Referent of an Old Puzzle in American Placenames, "Turning Points in Wisconsin History: Arrival of the First Europeans", "French colonial attitudes and the exploration of Jolliet and Marquette", "Dictionary of Wisconsin History: Langlade, Charles Michel", "Wisconsin's Former Governors, 1848–1959", "Turning Points in Wisconsin History: The Iron Brigade, Old Abe and Military Affairs", "Turning Points in Wisconsin History: The Modern Environmental Movement", "Wisconsin's Legal History: Law and the Progressive Era, Part 3: Reforming the Workplace", "The Establishment of Wisconsin's Income Tax", "The Wisconsin Idea: The University's Service to the State", "The Origins of Unemployment Insurance in Wisconsin", "Tommy Thompson: Human Services Reformer", "Wisconsin Gov. The development and manufacture of health care devices and software is a growing sector of the state's economy, with key players such as GE Healthcare, Epic Systems, and TomoTherapy. Re-published every two years, copies are available from state legislators. Norwegian immigrants settled in lumbering and farming areas in the north and west. [52], In the immediate aftermath of World War II, citizens of Wisconsin were divided over things such as creation of the United Nations, support for the European recovery, and the growth of the Soviet Union's power. [67], Racial/Ethnic Makeup of Wisconsin treating Hispanics as a Separate Category (2017)[71], The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Wisconsin was 5,822,434 on July 1, 2019, a 2.4% increase since the 2010 United States Census. The region coming under British rule had virtually no adverse effect on the French residents as the British needed the cooperation of the French fur traders and the French fur traders needed the goodwill of the British. The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel series "Wasted in Wisconsin" examined this situation. It grows more than half the national crop of cranberries. The various ethnic groups settled in different areas of the state. Over 68% of Wisconsin residents live in urban areas, with the Greater Milwaukee area home to roughly one-third of the state's population. [157], Sheboygan is home to Whistling Straits golf club which has hosted PGA Championships in 2004, 2010 and 2015 and will be home to the Ryder Cup golf competition between USA and Europe in 2020. In 1960, around 3.95 million … [147] The Wisconsin Tavern League opposes raising the alcoholic beverage tax. Major Wisconsin companies in these categories include the Kohler Company; Mercury Marine; Rockwell Automation; Johnson Controls; John Deere; Briggs & Stratton; Milwaukee Electric Tool Company; Miller Electric; Caterpillar Inc.; Joy Global; Oshkosh Corporation; Harley-Davidson; Case IH; S. C. Johnson & Son; Ashley Furniture; Ariens; and Evinrude Outboard Motors. Municipal courts typically handle cases involving local ordinance matters. The table below describes the 36 United States statistical areas and 72 counties of the … African Americans came to Milwaukee, especially from 1940 on. [51] Later, UW economics professors John R. Commons and Harold Groves helped Wisconsin create the first unemployment compensation program in the United States in 1932. More than a third of residents (110,500) were foreign born, including 38,000 Germans, 28,000 British immigrants from England, Scotland, and Wales, and 21,000 Irish. [66], During the Civil War, Wisconsin was a Republican state; in fact it is the state that gave birth to the Republican Party, although ethno-religious issues in the late 19th century caused a brief split in the coalition. Wisconsin Population 1900-2019 Chart and table of population level and growth rate for the state of Wisconsin from 1900 to 2019. [132] Commuter rail provider Metra's Union Pacific North (UP-N) line has its northern terminus in Kenosha, the only Metra line and station in the state of Wisconsin. Kraft Foods alone employs more than 5,000 people in the state. The 2010 elections saw a huge Republican resurgence in Wisconsin. Madison, Wisconsin Population History 1960 - 2019 What is the current population of Madison? ... Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 546,695: Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 488,081: QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. Wisconsin is home to a very large and diversified manufacturing economy, with special focus on transportation and capital equipment. Open. In March 2017, the state's unemployment rate was 3.4% (seasonally adjusted).[112]. The vintage year (e.g., V2019) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2019). In 2010 Wisconsin's gross state product was $248.3 billion, making it 21st among U.S. The word Wisconsin originates from the name given to the Wisconsin River by one of the Algonquian-speaking Native American groups living in the region at the time of European contact. From 1763 to 1780, Green Bay was a prosperous community which produced its own foodstuff, built graceful cottages and held dances and festivities. Wisconsin also has many college sports programs, including the Wisconsin Badgers, of the University of Wisconsin–Madison and the Panthers of the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee. Protecting and promoting the health and safety of the people of Wisconsin. Christianity is the predominant religion of Wisconsin. Dashboard. A free state from its foundation, Wisconsin became a center of northern abolitionism. Wisconsin's Constitution outlines the structure and function of state government, which is organized into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The fur trade in what is now Wisconsin reached its height under British rule, and the first self-sustaining farms in the state were established as well. More ... Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 5,822,434: Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) "Total Cheese Production Excluding Cottage Cheese—States and United States: February 2010 and 2011" in United States Department of Agriculture. Note: Births in table add to over 100%, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. [73] The five largest ancestry groups were: German (40.5%), Irish (10.8%), Polish (8.8%), Norwegian (7.7%), and English (5.7%). Four members of the Wisconsin executive branch are Democrats. [144] Factors such as cultural identification with the state's heritage of German immigration, the long-standing presence of major breweries in Milwaukee, and a cold climate are often associated with the prevalence of drinking in Wisconsin. In addition to the Packers, Green Bay is also the home to an indoor football team, the Green Bay Blizzard of the IFL. In 2019, about 12.4 percent of the population in Wisconsin was between the ages of 45 and 54 years old. Although Democrats gained eight seats in the state Assembly, Republicans retained a five-vote majority. Based on the latest 2020 data from the US census, the current population … Fifty-nine counties have an additional sales/use tax of 0.5%. The Wisconsin Area Music Industry provides an annual WAMI event where it presents an awards show for top Wisconsin artists.[142]. The core based statistical area (CBSA) as designated by the OMB. Keywords [56] Walker enacted other bills promoting conservative governance, such as a right-to-work law,[57] abortion restrictions,[58] and legislation removing certain gun controls.[59][60][61]. While lead mining diminished, agriculture became a principal occupation in the southern half of the state. Milwaukee was also the home of the Braves franchise when they moved from Boston from 1953 to 1965, winning the World Series in 1957 and the National League pennant in 1958, before they moved to Atlanta. Senator Tammy Baldwin was also elected to a second term and Democrats won all constitutional statewide offices on the ballot including Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, and State Treasurer, the first time this happened in Wisconsin since 1982. Wisconsin's largest Congressional district, the 7th, had voted Democratic since 1969. [148], The varied landscape of Wisconsin makes the state a popular vacation destination for outdoor recreation. The Wisconsin population is 5,822,434 people according to the US Census Bureau's 2019 Population Estimates Program. Read more Until January 1, 2008, Wisconsin's estate tax was decoupled from the federal estate tax laws; therefore the state imposed its own estate tax on certain large estates.[99]. [80] Menominee County is the only county in the eastern United States with a Native American majority. The Milwaukee Mile, located in Wisconsin State Fair Park in West Allis, Wisconsin, held races there that considerably predate the Indy 500. This area was not covered by glaciers during the most recent ice age, the Wisconsin Glaciation. Non-highway road construction and maintenance are funded by local governments (municipalities or counties). Wisconsin is represented by major league teams in three sports: football, baseball, and basketball. Wisconsin is bordered by the Montreal River; Lake Superior and Michigan to the north; by Lake Michigan to the east; by Illinois to the south; and by Iowa to the southwest and Minnesota to the northwest. In the North Country, what had been an industrial area focused on timber has largely been transformed into a vacation destination. Real Wisconsin GDP, at $349.416 bn in 2019, is at the highest level recorded to date. Scott Walker signs anti-union bill—but Democrats say they're the political victors", "CBS News: Scott Walker wins Wisconsin recall election", Governor Walker of Wisconsin signs right-to-work bill, "Scott Walker Signs 20-Week Abortion Ban, Trooper Pay Raise", "Walker Signs Concealed-Carry Measure Into Law", "Walker Signs 'Castle Doctrine' Bill, Other Measures", "The Eastern Ridges and Lowlands of Wisconsin", "Monthly Averages for Superior, WI (54880)—weather.com", "B03002 HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY RACE—Wisconsin—2017 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates", "Estimates of the Components of Resident Population Change for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: July 1, 2018 to July 1, 2019", "2016 American Community Survey—Demographic and Housing Estimates", "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States", "Population of Wisconsin—Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts—CensusViewer", "2016 American Community Survey—Selected Social Characteristics", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "Table 5—Crime in the United States 2009", "Wisconsin Court System—court system overview", "Mexican Consulate to open in Milwaukee on July 1", "Protesters out in force nationwide to oppose Wisconsin's anti-union bill", "Wisconsin Assembly passes bill to curb collective bargaining", Manufacturing industry top 10 states by GDP, Manufacturing industry top states by percentage of state economy, Wisconsin County Unemployment Rates: March 2017, Wisconsin's Rank in the Nations's Dairy Industry: 2007, 2012 Census of Agriculture: United States Summary and State Data, Vol. The progressive Wisconsin Idea also promoted the statewide expansion of the University of Wisconsin through the UW-Extension system at this time. "Milk Cows and Production—23 Selected States: March 2011 and 2012" in United States Department of Agriculture. "American Cheese Production—States and United States: February 2010 and 2011" in United States Department of Agriculture. Succeeding Frank Zeidler, the last of Milwaukee's Socialist mayors, (Henry Maier), a former Wisconsin State Senator and member of the Democratic Party was elected mayor of Milwaukee in 1960. [117] Wisconsin is second in butter production, producing about one-quarter of the nation's butter. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. Estimates are used to calculate population-based health statistics. From the early 20th century, the Socialist Party of America had a base in Milwaukee. Register Now: Midwest Forum on Hospitals, Health Systems and Population Health Register Now: Preventing Falls Among Older Adults: What’s New and Emerging at UW? [34] Yankees also speculated in real estate, platted towns such as Racine, Beloit, Burlington, and Janesville, and established schools, civic institutions, and Congregationalist churches. "Table 6: Per Capita Milk Production by State, 2003" in CITEC. Socialist newspaper editor Victor Berger was repeatedly elected as a U.S. Representative, although he was prevented from serving for some time because of his opposition to the First World War. [citation needed], 33% of Wisconsin's Asian population is Hmong, with significant communities in Milwaukee, Wausau, Green Bay, Sheboygan, Appleton, Madison, La Crosse, Eau Claire, Oshkosh, and Manitowoc. In 2011, Wisconsin became the focus of some controversy when newly elected governor Scott Walker proposed, successfully passed, and enacted the 2011 Wisconsin Act 10, which made large changes in the areas of collective bargaining, compensation, retirement, health insurance, and sick leave of public sector employees, among other changes. The state is home to the seven-time MISL/MASL Champion Milwaukee Wave.[154]. The debate became especially intense in 1854 after Joshua Glover, a runaway slave from Missouri, was captured in Racine. Barack Obama carried the state in 2008 by 381,000 votes (56%). Wisconsin has three types of municipality: cities, villages, and towns. Although German immigrants settled throughout the state, the largest concentration was in Milwaukee. [150] In 2008, the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources projected the pre-hunt deer population to be between 1.5 and 1.7 million. Equalized values are used to distribute state aid payments to counties, municipalities, and technical colleges. The lowest temperature ever recorded in Wisconsin was in the village of Couderay, where it reached −55 °F (−48 °C) on both February 2 and 4, 1996. In addition to deciding cases, the Supreme Court is responsible for administering the state's court system and regulating the practice of law in Wisconsin.[97]. Maier remained in office for 28 years, the longest-serving mayor in Milwaukee history. Report documenting trends for persons in our care who were physically present in WI DOC adult prisons on June 30th and December 31st each year between 2000 and 2019. Therefore, each year it has been noticed that the population increases by around 0.012 Million. The CSA population according to 2019 US Census Bureau population estimates. Charles Michel de Langlade is generally recognized as the first settler, establishing a trading post at Green Bay in 1745, and moving there permanently in 1764. Overall, 46% of Wisconsin's land area is covered by forest. [81], Of the residents of Wisconsin, 71.7% were born in Wisconsin, 23.0% were born in a different US state, 0.7% were born in Puerto Rico, U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s), and 4.6% were foreign born.[82]. deficit. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 150,659 people (i.e., 614,771 births minus 464,112 deaths) and an decrease due to net migration of 12,755 people. One notable event in the fur trading industry in Wisconsin occurred in 1791, when two free African Americans set up a fur trading post among the Menominee at present day Marinette. Wisconsin does not impose a property tax on vehicles, but does levy an annual registration fee. Later however, in April 2019, conservative judge Brian Hagedorn defeated his liberal opponent Lisa Neubauer by 6,100 votes. [22], The first European to visit what became Wisconsin was probably the French explorer Jean Nicolet. As of 2011, there were 12 cities in Wisconsin with a population of 50,000 or more, accounting for 73% of the state's employment.[136]. The legislature of Wisconsin Territory made the current spelling official in 1845. Click the Quick Info  icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error. The Semi-Professional Northern Elite Football League consists of many teams from Wisconsin. Value for Wisconsin (Percent): 2.4% Data item: Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates Program (PEP), updated annually. One leading theory holds that the name originated from the Miami word Meskonsing, meaning "it lies red", a reference to the setting of the Wisconsin River as it flows through the reddish sandstone of the Wisconsin Dells. The City of Milwaukee heads the list of Wisconsin's Democratic strongholds, which also includes Madison and the state's Native American reservations. Between 1850 and 1900, the immigrants were mostly Germans, Scandinavians (the largest group being Norwegian), Irish, and Poles. With a surface area of around 65,497.82 square miles, it is a relatively large state with a population to match -- it is the 23rd biggest state in the country, and in terms of population, it is the 20th most populous state in the US. The current governor, Tony Evers, assumed office on January 7, 2019. Value for Wisconsin (Number): 5,822,434 Data item: Population, 2019 estimate Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates Program (PEP), updated annually. The estimates are based on the prior census and analysis of contemporary data including housing units, dormitory and institutional populations, automobile registrations, and other indicators of population change. There were also a number of local referendums for school funding. 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