, Bloomberg's other proposals included the implementation of bus rapid transit, the reopening of closed LIRR and Metro-North stations, new ferry routes, better access for cyclists, pedestrians and intermodal transfers, and a congestion pricing zone for Manhattan south of 86th Street.  The 7 Subway Extension extended the 7 and <7> trains from Times Square to the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center/Hudson Yards area at the 34th Street station.  The adjacent World Trade Center Transportation Hub for the PATH, began construction in late 2005 and opened on March 4, 2016 at a cost of $3.74 billion. In the 1960s the State took over two financially ailing suburban commuter railroads and merged them, along with the subways and various Moses-era agencies, into what was later named the MTA. The Canal Age, however, gave way to a railway age. ". Freight cars had to be carried across the harbor by car floats, contributing to harbor traffic already made heavy when many of the great new ocean steamships of the day must be served by lightering due to insufficient dock slips large enough to accommodate them despite the expensive Chelsea Piers. Between 1931 and 1968, seven bridges were built between Manhattan and the surrounding land, including the Triborough Bridge, and the Bronx-Whitestone Bridge. New York Public Library opened in 1911. The average city park is 73 years old. The Gowanus Canal and other works were built to handle the increased traffic, all suitable existing shorelines having already been lined with docks. Today’s transactions will produce cleaner watersheds, advance sustainability practices, and test more cost-effective regulatory compliance options.". Refineries and chemical factories followed in later decades, intensifying the conversion of Greenpoint, Bushwick, Maspeth and other outlying villages into industrial suburbs, later amalgamated into the City of Greater New York. Lenape trail routes were not only in Manhattan. After the 9/11 attacks, it reopened briefly to receive human remains and rubble from the destroyed Twin Towers, turning a notorious disposal site into a cemetery. The bridge's main span over the East River is 1,595 feet 6 inches (486.3 m). The history of New York City begins with the Wappinger, a subdivision of the Algonquian speaking Lenape, who inhabited Manhattan prior to the arrival of Giovanni da Verrazzano in 1524, and continues with its founding as "New Amsterdam" by the Dutch in 1624 and the period of English rule and its renaming as "New York City" in 1664. Steve Duncan: When I came to New York in 1996 for college, it was my first time living in a big city. Transportation in New York City has ranged from strong Dutch authority in the 17th century, expansionism during the industrial era in the 19th century and half of the 20th century, to cronyism during the Robert Moses era. New York with its New York Central Railroad came out on top, ensuring the city's continued dominance of the international trade of the interior of the United States. External web sites operate at the direction of their respective owners who should be contacted directly with questions regarding the content of these sites. Meanwhile, trains always broke down and were poorly maintained and often late, while ridership declined by the millions each year. The first elevated Manhattan (New York County) line was constructed in 1867-70 by Charles Harvey and his West Side and Yonkers Patent Railway company along Greenwich Street and Ninth Avenue (although operations began with cable cars). ... to thank for the development of historic preservation in New York City. 'In some cases, the infrastructure in New York is so old we don’t even know where it is under the street,' notes city planner and historian Alexander Garvin. In 1967, New York City ordered all "medallion taxis" be painted yellow.. Many parties, such as industrial sources, farmers, and the general public, contribute to nutrient loading, which may lead to serious ecological problems. The first phase, from Lexington Avenue–63rd Street to 96th Street, opened on January 1, 2017. 5 NY Infrastructure Projects on the Rise 1) Gateway Hudson Tunnel. Construction (and even maintenance of existing lines) was deferred, and graffiti and crime were at all-time highs. , Although New York City does not have light rail, a few proposals exist.  Due to expanding world trade, growth was accelerating, and a commission created a more comprehensive street plan for the remainder of the island.  With one exception, Moses had conceptualized and planned every single highway, parkway, expressway, tunnel or other major road in and around New York City; that exception being the East River Drive. It ran through the East Side, and exited out of what was the northernmost point of Manhattan, in present-day Marble Hill. Airport Falls Short in the Financing", "Lower Manhattan-Jamaica/JFK Transportation Project, Summary Report, Prepared for the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, Lower Manhattan Development Corporation, and PANYNJ", "Reality check for Staten Island's rail plans", "Imagining a Streetcar Line Along the Waterfront", "More New Yorkers Opting for Life in the Bike Lane", "New York City launches nation's largest bike share", "NYC launches ferry service with Queens, East River routes", "MTA 2015-2019 Capital Program, pages 152 and 225", "$8 Traffic Fee for Manhattan Gets Nowhere", "Congestion Pricing Plan Is Dead, Assembly Speaker Says", "Cuomo Calls Manhattan Traffic Plan an Idea 'Whose Time Has Come, "Driving a Car in Manhattan Could Cost $11.52 Under Congestion Plan", "No 24/7 Subways? The Port Authority also took over and expanded the major airports owned by the Cities of New York and Newark, New Jersey. In the late 1910s, Mayor John Francis Hylan authorized a system of "emergency bus lines" managed by the Department of Plant and Structures. Water transport grew rapidly in the new century, due in part to technical development under Robert Fulton's steamboat monopoly. The Lincoln and Holland tunnels were built instead of bridges to allow free passage of large passenger and cargo ships in the port, which were still critical for New York City's industry through the early- to mid-20th century. Roughly 40 percent of the city’s pools were built before 1950, as were nearly half of the 53 recreation centers in parks citywide. Elevated trains, after a modest introduction on 9th Avenue, spread in the 1880s. From swamps and oysters to skyscrapers and opulence, the 400-year history of New York has been marked by big infrastructure changes. 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